Instinct theory

His pleasure principal evolved when he realised that there are mental processes that are destructive and go against the pleasure principal.

Instinct theory

Psychological Theories of Aggression and Violence: Instinct Theory Freud Freud proposed that human behaviour is driven by two basic instincts: Eros, the life instinct promotes life, whereas thanatos, the death force seeks to destroy life.

Freud considered aggression to be instinctual and inevitable. According to Freud, the aim of all instincts is to reduce tension or excitation to a minimum. It is believed that thanatos the death force is a reservoir of aggressive tendencies that need to be discharged over time in order for a person to remain mentally healthy.

Aggression is the safety valve which reduces energy within the psychic system to acceptable levels. If the aggressive behaviour is non-destructive and socially acceptable than the probability of violence is reduced.

The cathartic release may take the form of participating in sports such as boxing and football. However, if the aggression becomes internalised it can lead to violence, murder or suicide. Lorenz Lorenz studied aggression from an ethological perspective.

From studies on animals he proposed that aggression stems from an innate fighting instinct. This instinct has survived over generations to ensure survival.

Motivation and attitudes

The aggressive energy builds up within the individual and has to be vented. This can occur in two ways an environmental releasing stimulus triggers an aggressive act; or a build up of unreleased energy causes an eruption of violent behaviour.

Lorenz's study is based on research of a variety of animals. From this he notes a shared instinct to defend territory from an animal of the same species, to defeat a rival for a desired female and to protect the young and defenceless of the species.

This ensures that the gene pool is modified towards strength and enhances the chances of the young of the species to grow into adulthood. Aggression helps to preserve the species.

Instinct theory

Storr Storr tried to fuse psychoanalytical and ethological theories of aggression. He agreed aggressive behaviour stems from an instinctive impulse, is biologically determined and which seeks discharge before reaching critical levels. However, he suggests that the way in which individuals manifest aggression in later life will result from unconscious motivations derived from childhood experiences.The answer is Drive Reduction Theory.

It is built on the notion that we are determined by basic biological needs like food, water, shelter. Needs motivate our behavior to . Instinct Theory of Motivation In a previous post, we touched on the different approaches to explain motivation in psychology.

In this post, we are going to explore the instinct . Instinct Theory Certain behaviors are innate and due to evolutionary programming Forms of the basis of today's evolutionary theory Complex behaviors cannot be explained so easily Drive Theory Behavior is motivated by the desire to reduce internal tension caused by unmet biological needs.

Instinct definition, an inborn pattern of activity or tendency to action common to a given biological species.

This article is a part of the guide:

See more. Instinct Theory of Motivation: Observation Instinct theory of motivation suggests that the key to our motivation is biological or genetic programming of our body. The general idea is that similar motivations occur on humans because of the similar biological programming shared by humans.

3 Instinct {William JameszHuman behavior can be instinctive zInstincts occur impulsively {A stimulus takes an endowed instinct and translates it into behavior toward a goal zE.g.,A dog (stimulus) activates a cat’s instinct to run away (goal-directed behavior) The downfall of instinct theory.

What is instinct theory