Business writing how to structure your proposal is well received

Top 10 amazing movie makeup transformations Project proposals are documents designed to present a plan of action, outline the reasons why the action is necessary, and convince the reader to agree with and approve the implementation of the actions recommended in the body of the document. In many cases, the document is drafted as a response to a Request for Proposal RFP that is issued by a current or prospective client.

Business writing how to structure your proposal is well received

Link to PDF version of this advice What follows is a collection of advice for writing research grants to the National Science Foundation.

This document focuses on writing proposals to NSF, but the general advice can be applied to writing any proposal. General advice Always read the RFP request for proposal to find out what the funders want.

They will give you money only if you can help them reach their goals. The goals of funding agencies public and private vary dramatically. Even within an agency, the style of proposals can be different among internal divisions.

Find out about the agency, its goals, and its review system.

business writing how to structure your proposal is well received

All proposals should answer the following questions in one form or another. What is the problem being addressed? What is the goal of the research being proposed? What is the hypothesis being tested? Why is the problem important and interesting?

What will you DO to address the problem? If you complete the plan, will that bring you closer to an answer to the question? Do you have the resources equipment, graduate students, access to industry Writing NSF proposals NSF is organized a lot like a university, except that instead of departments and colleges it has divisions and directorates.

The Program Directors PDs, also equivalently called program managers and program officers are like professors and a lot of them are professors on leaves of absence. They have areas of specialization which correspond to the research areas covered by their programs.

The division directors are like department chairs. They oversee the broad research areas covered by the programs and deal with administrative issues. The Assistant Directors are like Deans of Colleges. They lead the directorates and are responsible for the major research directions in Engineering, Physical Sciences, etc.

The Director of NSF, who is like a university president or chancellor, is responsible for the overall direction of Science and Engineering Research. This means that you may get to know a program director who may suddenly return to his or her university or may be reassigned to another program -- or that your program may be merged with a different program.

While this is disconcerting in the short run, in the long run it keeps programs from stagnating and helps NSF keep on the forefront of research areas.

Find out which program supports your research area. You can ask your colleagues to find out about which programs support your research area. Find out if there are other people at NSF you should talk to and what special initiatives might apply to you. You can find the list of telephone numbers and e-mail addresses from the NSF web site http: Read the program announcements before you contact the PD so that your questions will be direct and specific.

The easiest way to get started is to send a brief email to the program director stating which program you are interested in applying to, a short statement of your relevant research interests, your availability by phone or email, and a one-page attachment that covers the first three questions above: Some PDs prefer e-mail; some prefer phone calls.

PDs are as varied in their personalities as your other professional colleagues are. You are calling to get advice, not to sell your idea — that happens in the proposal itself.

What is a Project Proposal? (with pictures)

Remember to say "thank you. Treat the PDs as if they are intelligent people even if you doubt it. The PD will assign the reviewers and will make the final decision.

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This advice comes from a former NSF program director. Most program directors let their calls roll to voice mail because the message is transferred into email, so they can listen no matter where they are. Also, if you are calling about a proposal or a grant, include the NSF proposal number so the PD has all the information at hand when returning your call.Note from Jane: I offer a self-study course on nonfiction book proposals.

Book proposals are used to sell nonfiction books to publishers. A book proposal argues why your book (idea) is a salable, marketable product.

When to file an application

It acts as a business case or business plan for your book that persuades a. The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue.

Cut the fat Don’t “use three words when one would do,” says Blackburn. Read your writing through critical eyes, and make sure that each word works toward your .

Advice on Writing Proposals to the National Science Foundation. Susan Finger sfinger at schwenkreis.com Carnegie Mellon University. Updated April The original version of this advice was written in the late s. U S Department of Veterans Affairs. Office of Small and Disadvantaged Business Utilization Vendor Information Pages.

A proposal essay is exactly what it sounds like: it proposes an idea and provides evidence intended to convince the reader why that idea is a good or bad one.

Although proposals are generally a significant part of business and economic transactions, they are not limited to those two areas. Proposals.

How to Write a Proposal Essay/Paper | Owlcation