An overview of ancient athenian and spartan cultures

Ancient Greece - a Mediterranean country - was divided into several territories known as city-states. Each city-state had its own rulers and developed its own culture.

An overview of ancient athenian and spartan cultures

Greece Greece culture Greece is a country of great interests and diverse cultures, influenced by its location, at the junction between the East and the West and by the many occupations of the Greek people throughout history. In general, the Greeks are particularly proud of their culture and speak of their country with an intense passion, feeling that the culture in Greece is a definition of their national and ethnic belonging.

Traditions, religion, music, language, food and wines are the major composites of the culture in Greece and constitute the base for those who wish to visit and understand today's country. Aspects of the culture in Greece Below we propose information about the main aspects of the Greek culture today: Language Language constitutes one of the most important elements of the Greek culture.

Modern Greek language is a descendant of the Ancient Greek language and is affiliated to the part of the Greek or Hellenic branch of Indo-European.

The first written Greek was found on baked mud tablets, in the remains of the Knossos Palace of Crete island. Linear A and Linear B are the two most ancient types of written language in Greece.

Language History Greece is a country with a very rich history from Bronze age, to classical period, Roman period, Ottoman period and more.

It also famous worldwide for many famous people and their actions throughout centuries. This section proposes information about the history of Greece but provides also information about the significance of the flags, a list with most famous archaeological sites, historical monuments and Unesco Sites in Greece.

History Geography Geographically Greece is a mountainous peninsula surrounded by water. Due to the 13, km of coastline and the 2, Greek islandsof which only are inhabited, the Greeks developed since the ancient times a strong connection with the sea. This is why the Greeks have a long tradition in navigation, ship building and marine trade, which historically led to interconnection with other people.

As the country is located on the corner spot between Europe, Asia and Africa, the Greek culture is actually a mixture of European and Eastern elements.

Furthermore, most of the traditions and festivals still followed and celebrated today are religious. That is why so many panygiria are organized in the country, which are actually religious celebrations of saints followed by traditional music and dance in the square of the village. These panigiria are a strong element of the Greek culture and take place all year round, especially in summer.

Classical Greece (video) | Khan Academy

The rest of the population are Muslims, Roman Catholics and Jewish. Greece and Russia are the only countries to have such a big proportion of Christians Orthodox. Religion Music The Greek music is of unbelievable diversity due to the creative Greek assimilation of different influences of the Eastern and Western culture of Asia and Europe.

Music in Greece has a long history dating from the ancient times, during which poetry, dancing and music were inseparable and played an important part in the ancient Greek everyday life and culture.

Culture in Greece and society today -

Music Food and wine The Greek cuisine is famous for its good quality products and the amazing taste of its food and wines. Some dishes are the same everywhere in Greece, whereas some others are local culinary specialties.

The same dishes can be cooked differently or with different ingredients depending on the region. Food is an important part of the Greek culture.

An overview of ancient athenian and spartan cultures

These fresh culinary products are widely used in cooking and constitute strong elements of the local culture. Products Recipes Traditional recipes of Greece are usually easy but require special products that are grown in the Greek land.

Baklava, moussaka, pastichio, gemista and kleftiko are the most famous Greek recipes. The Greek cuisine, a characteristic element of the culture, has been largely incluenced by the French, Italian and Turkish cuisine.

Recipes Churches You can see a church in almost every plot of land in Greece and around all the Greek islands.

Spartan Society

In fact, you can see churches in the most bizarre spots, even inside caves and gorges. These churches vary in size and style. The town squares usually have large churches, while the countryside is dotted with small, lovely chapels. The style is mainly Byzantine, while in the Cyclades islands most churches are painted in white and blue.

The evolution in the style of churches is a characteristic feature of the culture. Churches Museums There are many museums around Greece that mostly host archaeological findings or folk items.

Classical Greece

The most interesting are the archaeological museums, that host exhibits from the prehistoric till the Roman times.Both Athens and Sparta hold historic value for Greece and the world.

Athens is the capital and the largest city of Greece. It is a center for economic, political, financial and culture life in Greece.

Athens is the symbol of freedom, art, and democracy in the conscience of the civilized world.

The Spartan elders The only truly military state in ancient Greece, Spartans, men, women and children were born into, and lived in an existence that was ruled by regiment and organisation.
Culture of Greece - Wikipedia Following the assassination of Hipparchus c, Hippias took on sole rule, and in response to the loss of his brother, became a worse leader and increasingly disliked.
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Legends and Chronicles > Ancient Civilizations > Ancient Sparta > Spartan Culture Spartan Culture The culture of Sparta and the Spartans was pinpoint focused upon their military, they were a highly efficient unit on and off the battlefield.

Greek culture influenced the Roman Empire and many other civilizations, and it continues to influence modern cultures today. Philosophy and science Building on the discoveries and knowledge of civilizations in Egypt and Mesopotamia, among others, the Ancient Greeks developed a sophisticated philosophical and scientific culture.

Other cultures and states such as the Frankish states, the Ottoman Empire, and the Venetian Republic have also left their influence on modern Greek culture, but historians credit the Greek War of Independence with revitalising Greece and giving birth to a single entity of its multi-faceted culture.

Spartan general Brasidas employs Myrkinian and Chalkidian peltasts to defeat a force of Athenian hoplites at Amphipolis. BCE - BCE The Erechtheion of Athens acropolis is constructed with six Caryatids in the south porch. The cities of Athens and Sparta were bitter rivals in ancient Greece.

Geographically they are very close to each other, but have sometimes had very different values, lifestyles, and cultures. but the Athenian navy surpassed Sparta’s capabilities at sea;.

Athenian Culture vs. Spartan Culture | Adolfo Wissar, LC -